ISBN: 0-262-69191-4, 978-0-262-69191-8
Год издания: 1996
Издатель: The MIT Press
Количество страниц: 248
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Herbert A.Simon pioneered the study of the artificial. The natural sciences describe "natural" objects and phenomena. The sciences of the artificial describe objects and phenomena - artifacts - that result from human intervention in the natural world. Much of our daily world is artificial-from the climate-controlled air we breathe to the automobiles we drive and the laws that tell us how fast we may drive them. Aimed at satisfying human purposes, artifacts are not exempt from natural law but are adapted to the environments in which they operate. Conceived in the human activity called design, many are of immense complexity; computers, for example, are invaluable in studying natural as well as artificial complexity. The first edition of "The Sciences of the Artificial", published in 1969, quickly became a classic for its insights into complex systems in general, the process of design, and artificial intelligence and its contribution to our understanding of human intelligence....